Ontario’s Electricity Grid

Ontario’s Electricity System is one of the cleanest systems in North America. We were among the first areas to eliminate coal from our supply mix and throughout the Province, systems are getting smarter and more reliable. Niagara-on-the-Lake Hydro is among the leaders of investing into our own system, installing smart switches and increasing the voltage along our lines to reduce line loss.

Supply Mix

The following are the sources of Ontario’s Electricity System:

Electricity Sources 2022 Mix 2021 Mix
Nuclear Energy 51.0% 55.3%
Water (Hydro-Electric) Power  25.1% 23.3%
Alternative Power Sources 12.8% 12.0%
Solar 2.5% 2.5%
Wind 9.9% 9.0%
Bioenergy** 0.4% 0.5%
Natural Gas* 10.2% 8.1%
Other – Non-Contracted*** 0.9% 1.2%

*Includes Lennox and dual fuel (natural gas/bioenergy) consistent with IESO.

**IESO’s embedded generation data set combines biomass and gas.
*** Non-Contracted represents a variety of fuel types that the IESO is unable to categorize due to a lack of information from Local Distribution Companies (LDCs).

May not add to 100% due to rounding.

Installed Capacity

The Province has over 38,096MW of installed capacity in the transmission and distribution system and occasionally imports electricity when needed. The following is the breakdown of installed capacity in the Province in 2022 (figures taken from the IESO).

Fuel Type Installed MW % of Total
Nuclear 13,089 34%
Gas/Oil 10,482 28%
Hydro 8,868 23%
Wind 4,883 13%
Biofuel 296 <1%
Solar 478 1%

The System

The Province has an array of transmission lines that take electricity from generators to local distribution companies (LDCs). The province is grouped into several regions with their unique levels of requirements. For an interactive map of Ontario’s Electricity system that shows how they co-exist.

If there is anything about the grid that you’d like to know more about, let us know.